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Inca origins and early history are shrouded in legends. The Secrets Of The Incas - Part 1 of 2 (Ancient Civilization Documentary) | Timeline. At its height the Inca Empire (green) was far larger than the Aztec (blue) or Mayan (red) territories. By the time Huayna Capac (the father of Atahualpa) died, i.e. Timeline of the Spanish Conquest 1438 - The Inca begin their first attacks outside of the Cusco region, conquering many civilizations and adding them to their empire 1476 - Francisco Pizarro is born in Trujillo, Spain 1492 - Christopher Columbus sets sail for the west and brings back news of a new world Expansion of the Empire Empire ruled by Pachacuti, 1438-1463 Expansion under Pachacuti and Tupa Inca, 1463-1471 Expansion under Tupa Inca, 1471-1493 Expansion under Huayna Capac, 1493-1527 [Source: NGEO3] Timeline Links http://www.timelines.ws/countries/PERU.HTML http://www.fortunecity.com/millennium/lilac/3/inka1.htm The Empire began its rapid expansion in the late 1430s; the Incas would dominate South America for the next century, pushing their boundaries ever further across the continent. Francisco Toledo, the new Viceroy of Peru (Pizarro had been assassinated by rival Spaniards in 1541), declares war on Vilcabamba. Over the next 225 years the Aztecs will move many times until they finally settle down at the city of Tenochtitlan. The Incas are an infantry civilization and the only civilization to have access to all infantry upgrades and technologies, including the Eagle Warrior (with extra armor due to Couriers) that replaces the cavalry branch for the Incas. Although the Battle of Cajamarca took place in 1532, events in the years preceding the battle contributed to this Inca defeat / Spanish victory. The history of Peru spans 10 millennia, extending back through several stages of cultural development in the mountain region and the lakes.Peru was home to the Norte Chico civilization, the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the six oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, the largest and most advanced state in pre-Columbian America. The Inca Empire(Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, literally "the four regions") is a sovereign state and empire located in South Sinica. The Inca timeline can be traced back to 1200 A.D., at which point the Inca tribe moved into the Cusco region. In the reign of Pachacuti-Cusi Yupanqui, the Inca Empire attacked neighboring villages conquering through violence and sometim… The Incas are traditionally very religious, and rituals form an importamt part ofamy Incas' lives. The year is 1438 CE, and the modest Kingdom of Cusco has been quietly thriving for the last two hundred years, slowly growing from a pastoral tribe to a cosmopolitan, religious, culture-rich people. Pre-Inca Empire 2500 BC - People in the region began farming potatoes, corn, cotton, and other crops. Today, descendants of the Inca people still live in modern Peru. It comprised two north-south roads, one running along the coast for about 2,250 miles (3,600 km), the other inland along the Andes for a comparable distance, with many interconnecting links. 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