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Carrickfergus Castle is one of the best-preserved medieval structures in Northern Ireland and was besieged by the Scottish, native Irish, English, and French. It became an inhabited town shortly after 1170 when Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy invaded Ulster. It is situated on the shore of Belfast Lough in the town of Carrickfergus, County Antrim.The castle was built by John de Courcy in 1177. The town is said to take its name from Fergus Mór (Fergus the Great), the legendary king of Dál Riata. Slottet har været belejret af både skotterne, irerne, englænderne og franskmændene, og det har spillet en vigtig militær rolle frem til 1928. An ICI man-made fibres factory was opened at Kilroot and was followed by the Rothman's cigarette factory. Archaeological excavations close to the walls' foundations have yielded many artefacts that have helped historians piece together a picture of the lives of the 12th and 13th century inhabitants. The historical walled town originally occupied an area of around 97,000 square metres, which now comprises the town centre, bordered by Albert Road to the west, the Marine Highway to the south, Shaftesbury Park to the north and Joymount Presbyterian Church grounds to the east. [6], The town is the subject of the classic Irish folk song "Carrickfergus", a 19th-century translation of an Irish-language song (Do Bhí Bean Uasal)[7] from Munster, which begins with the words, "I wish I was in Carrickfergus".[8]. Contact. The Parliamentary constituency of Carrickfergus existed from 1801 to 1885. The First Battalions of the elite US Rangers were activated and based in Sunnylands Camp for their initial training. [5] Carrickfergus was the administrative centre for Carrickfergus Borough Council, before this was amalgamated into the Mid and East Antrim District Council in 2015, and forms part of the Belfast Metropolitan Area. [20], During World War II, Northern Ireland was an important military base for United States Naval and Air Operations and a training ground for American G.I.s. Its where most if the history of northern Ireland starts w... Read all 894 reviews. It had several buildings, including the great hall. © All rights reserved MedievalBritain.com 2020, Castles: Their History and Evolution in Medieval Britain, The Castles of Scotland: A Comprehensive Guide, Medieval England, 500-1500: A Reader, Second Edition, The Time Traveler's Guide to Medieval England, Ancient and Medieval Siege Weapons: A Fully Illustrated Guide, Make your own medieval clothing: Shoes of the High and Late Middle Ages. [4] Of these: Carrickfergus railway station opened on 1 October 1862. There are few buildings in Ireland with such long, well chronicled and fascinating histories as Carrickfergus Castle. Established in 1182 by John de Courcy, it’s thought that this was a worship site even pre-dating this time. Carrickfergus far pre-dates Belfast and was for a long period of time, both larger and more prominent. [9], As an urban settlement, Carrickfergus far pre-dates the capital city Belfast and was for a lengthy period both larger and more prominent than the nearby city. Carrickfergus Castle was built somewhere between 1177 and 1195 by the Anglo Norman lord John de Courcy. It was built in 1177 by John de Courcy. John de Courcy, the Anglo-Norman baron who conquered much of Ulster, started building it about 1178 and it remained fully garrisoned for 750 years until 1928. Det er et af de bedst bevarede middelalderbygninger i Nordirland. Of the Ulster ports on the list, Carrickfergus was first, followed by Bangor, Donaghadee, and Strangford. Elgin is a town and former cathedral city in Scotland, first documented in 1190 AD. Carrickfergus Castle. Carrickfergus Castle. They were sentenced to a year in prison and four sessions in the pillory. Website +44 28 9335 1273. The US Rangers Centre in nearby Boneybefore pays homage to this period in history. It was strategically useful because 3/4 of its perimeter is surrounded by water. It was strategically useful because 3/4 of its perimeter is surrounded by water. Eight years later, the Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy invaded Ulster and established his castle on a volcanic dyke at Carrickfergus in 1180. Linlithgow in West Lothian was once home to one of the great royal courts of Europe. [10] The castle, which is the most prominent landmark of Carrickfergus, is widely known as one of the best-preserved Norman castles in Ireland. Carrickfergus Castle (Carraig Ḟergus) is a Norman castle in Northern Ireland. Carrickfergus was built by an Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy in 1177. Segments of the town wall are still visible in various parts of the town and in various states of preservation. I would swim over the deepest ocean, Carrickfergus Castle. We must not linger on the Castle, but touch lightly on the Church. Translink also operates a local 'town-service' bus route and regular services to both Whitehead and Belfast. Durham is a historic city, its Norman cathedral was a centre of pilgrimage. John de Courcy started building the castle in the twelfth century after arriving from Dublin determined to establish for himself the earldom of Ulster. Carrickfergus was built in 1177 as headquarters for John de Courcy. He used this stronghold as his headquarters, after he conquered eastern Ulster in 1177. Carrickfergus Castle is a Norman castle in Northern Ireland, situated in the town of Carrickfergus in County Antrim, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. Reading is a large historic town dating back from the 8th century in Berkshire, England. It had a number of buildings, including the great hall. Carrickfergus Castle was built by John de Courcy after the Norman invasion of Ireland in the 12th Century. Det var strategisk godt beliggende idet 3/4 havde vand omkring sig … It sits on the north shore of Belfast Lough, 11 miles (18 km) from Belfast. In April 1778, during the American War of Independence, John Paul Jones, in command of the American ship Ranger, attempted to capture a British Royal Navy sloop of war, HMS Drake, moored at Carrickfergus. It has been in State Care since 1928, and is now managed by the Historic Environment Division of the Department for Communities. Carrickfergus was built by John de Courcy in 1177 as his headquarters, after he conquered eastern Ulster in 1177 and ruled as a petty king until 1204, when he was ousted by another Norman adventurer, Hugh de Lacy. Earth ditches first protected Carrickfergus in the medieval period. Carrickfergus Castle er en normannisk borg i Nordirland, der ligger i byen Carrickfergus i County Antrim, på nordkysten af af Belfast Lough. Carrickfergus was built in 1177 as headquarters for John de Courcy. [9][10], The Battle of Carrickfergus, part of the Nine Years War, took place in and around the town in November 1597. East Antrim, Northern Ireland(54.716°N 5.809°W), "I wish I was in Carrickfergus, Initially de Courcy built the inner ward, a small bailey at the end of the promontory with a high polygonal curtain wall and east gate. It was at this time that he established the nearby St Nicholas' Church. Carrickfergus Castle (from the Irish Carraig Ḟergus or "cairn of Fergus", the name "Fergus" meaning "strong man") is a Norman castle in Northern Ireland, situated in the town of Carrickfergus in County Antrim, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. First, it appeared as de Courcy’s average sized stronghold, it was only a small bailey and an inner ward. Carrickfergus Castle was built in 3 sections in 10 phases over a long period of time (diagram from Northern Ireland Environment Agency). The British peerage title of Baron Carrickfergus, which had become extinct in 1883, was bestowed upon Prince William on his wedding day in 2011. Between 1203 and 1205, De Courcy was ousted from Ulster by another Anglo-Norman knight, Hugh De Lacy. Throughout the course of The Troubles, there was a reasonably large paramilitary presence in the town, namely the Ulster Volunteer Force and Ulster Defence Association. Queen Elizabeth made an order that the Governor of Carrickfergus Castle must always be an Englishman. The old harbor was the site of the landing of King William III on 14th June 1690 ahead of his victorious Irish campaign against James II. For my love to find". He built his castle, then just a 3 storey square keep within a small enclosure, now called the Inner Ward, at the end of a rock jutting out into the sea, guarding the … Carrickfergus Castle (from Carraig Ḟergus or “strong man” in Irish) is a Norman castle in County Antrim, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. It’s been in State Care since 1928, and is now managed by the Historic Environment Division of the Department for Communities. Sir John de Courcy (1160–1219) Anglo Norman knight and builder of Carrickfergus Castle; Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster (c. 1176 – c. 1242) Edward Bruce (c. 1280–1319), High King of Ireland and Earl of Carrick, brother to Robert the Bruce, King of Scots. It was a position more renowned for honour than wealth, for the salary was only £40 a year. Carrickfergus Castle is one of Northern Ireland’s best-known historic monuments. On 8 September 2007, Carrickfergus was the Northern Irish host for the Last Night at the Proms, featuring Alison Balsom, Alfie Boe, and Ulster conductor Kenneth Montgomery. John had come to Ireland with Richard de Clare, better known as Strongbow, at the invitation of the former King of Leinster, Diarmait Mac Murchada. The Castle was strategically useful commanding the lough. It is one of the most complete examples of Norman architecture in Northern Ireland, and one of the most complete … Meanwhile, the Andrew Jackson Centre at Boneybefore, Carrickfergus, remains closed due to Covid restrictions. De Lacy finished the construction of the castle, building the gatehouse, drum towers and outer ward. [5][9], Carrickfergus became an inhabited town shortly after 1170, when Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy invaded Ulster, established his headquarters in the area and built Carrickfergus Castle on the "rock of Fergus" in 1177. This is a must for anyone who is visiting northern ireland and has lots of history Built in the early 1100’s and still stands to this day. This is all done at no extra cost to the customer. Located on top of Knockagh Hill, above the village of Greenisland, it offers a panoramic view of the city of Belfast and surroundings. [citation needed]. [4] It is County Antrim's oldest town and one of the oldest towns in Ireland as a whole. It was refurbished to include a purpose-built reception desk and improved refreshment, retail and seating areas. It is believed to have been attached to St. Mary’s Abbey, also founded by de Courcy for the Premonstratensian Order of monks. Carrickfergus Castle is one of the best-preserved medieval structures in Northern Ireland and was besieged by the Scottish, native Irish, English, and French. The castle was built by John de Courcy in 1177, who used it as his base to rule that area of Ulster until he was deposed by fellow Norman, Hugh de Lacy. The famous passenger liner was anchored overnight just off the coast of Carrickfergus, before continuing on its journey. Having failed, he returned a few days later and challenged Drake to a fight out in the North Channel which the Americans won decisively. Initially de Courcy built the inner ward, a small bailey at the end of the promontory with a high polygonal curtain wall and east gate. It was fought between the crown forces of Queen Elizabeth I and the Scots clan of MacDonnell, and resulted in a defeat for the English. [13], Sir Arthur Chichester was appointed by the Earl of Essex to govern the castle and town in 1599 and was responsible for the plantation of English and Scottish peoples in the town, as well as the building of the town wall. Besieged in turn by Scots, Irish, English and French, the castle played an important military role even until 1928 and remains one of the best preserved mediæval structures in Ireland. Carrickfergus and the surrounding area was, for a time, treated as a separate county. de Lacy eventually regained his title of Earl of Ulster in 1227, however the castle and its walled town were captured several more times following his death (in 1242). For the song, see, Amhránleabhar Ógra Éireann, Folens, Dublin (8th edition, 1971). Carrickfergus castle was built by John de Courcy in 1177 as his headquarters, after he conquered eastern Ulster in 1177 and ruled as a petty king until 1204, when he was ousted by another Norman adventurer, Hugh de Lacy. He then ruled as a petty king until 1204 until he was ousted by another Norman adventurer, Hugh de Lacy. Only for nights in Ballygrant Museum staff in Carrickfergus worked with Carrickfergus and District Historical Society to facilitate a book launch by author Sean MacIntyre. NOTE: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Saint Nicholas’ Church is a magnificent building originally constructed at the same time as the castle. The walls are a meter thick with several impressive defense features like arrow slits, twin portcullises and a "murder hole" for raining boiling tar down on stranded enemies below. Eight women were charged with bewitching a young girl, and were convicted, despite a strong indication from one of the judges that the jury should acquit. Full view . de Lacy was relieved of his command of the town in 1210, when King John himself arrived and placed the castle under royal authority. Dunluce Castle is ruined medieval castle in Northern Ireland, the seat of Clan McDonnell. It’s been enlarged and reinforced over the centuries and remained a military site until 1928, when it was passed into State Care. The existing roof on the Norman castle… William himself subsequently landed at Carrickfergus on 14 June 1690. Belfast Lough itself was known as 'Carrickfergus Bay' well into the 17th century. St. Nicholas' Church is built upon the site of a Franciscan monastery. Knaresborough is a 12th-Century market town perched on the cliffs above the River Nidd. Courtaulds operated a large rayon works there until the 1980s. Best nearby. Standing on a rocky spur on the northern shore of Belfast Lough, Carrickfergus Castle dominates all approaches to the town. Carrickfergus Castle is an excellent example of a Norman castle in Northern Ireland. [15] In the same year the town sold its customs rights – which ran from Groomsport, County Down, up to Larne, County Antrim, to Belfast. It stands over 20 meters tall and has four main floors, mostly in the original 12th century positions. Completed in 1615, the walls of Carrickfergus pre-date Londonderry Walls, and around half of the original circuit remains intact and preserved. Carrickfergus was built by John de Courcy in 1177 as his headquarters, after he conquered eastern Ulster and ruled as a petty king until 1204, when he was ousted by another Norman adventurer, Hugh de Lacy. [14], In 1637 the Surveyor General of Customs issued a report compiled from accounts of customs due from each port and their "subsidiary creeks". In 1177, John de Courcy built Carrickfergus. Throughout the medieval period, Carrickfergus was the main commercial port in Ulster, a European-wide trading hub. An Anglo-Norman knight and builder of Carrickfergus Castle. Three historic stations in Carrickfergus, Barn, Eden and Mount, closed in the 1970s. [27] In the May 2019 local elections, the following councillors were elected for these wards:-. He used this Castle as his headquarters after he conquered eastern Ulster. Due to the latest COVID-19 restrictions, Carrickfergus Castle is closed to the public until further notice. Carrickfergus Castle has stood the test of time for 800 years but, after a year out of action, its tower has reopened to the public after the installation of a new roof. In 1981, Kilroot power station opened and is the largest power station in Northern Ireland. In the 1970s, the town became an important centre for the textile industry. I also sometimes get commissions for purchases made through links in the posts. The castle is one of the best preserved medieval structures in Northern Ireland and was besieged by the Scottish, native Irish, English and French. Local MLAs for the area following the 2017 election are:[26], Since 1 April 2015 Carrickfergus has come under the control of Mid and East Antrim Borough Council. All three stations have regular commuter services to Belfast and Larne. Location. [citation needed]. He was a Norman knight who arrived in Ireland in 1176 and constructed the castle as his headquarters. Carrickfergus Town Walls. Marine Highway, Carrickfergus BT38 7BG Northern Ireland. Gill, Dublin 1855 (re-printed 2005, University of Leeds; Learn how and when to remove this template message, Parliamentary constituency of Carrickfergus, List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom, Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland (County Antrim), List of localities in Northern Ireland by population, North-South Ministerial Council 2002 annual report (Ulster-Scots), "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Carrickfergus Settlement", Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, Culture Northern Ireland: A History of Carrickfergus, "Carrickfergus History | The Complete History of Carrick | Part 2 | Carrickfergus History", https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/politics/northern-ireland-constituencies/N06000005, https://www.midandeastantrim.gov.uk/council/about-us/borough-council-map/, https://www.midandeastantrim.gov.uk/council/elections/local-government-elections-2019/dea-results/carrick-castle-dea-2019, https://www.midandeastantrim.gov.uk/council/elections/local-government-elections-2019/dea-results/knockagh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carrickfergus&oldid=991060102, Port cities and towns in Northern Ireland, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Articles needing additional references from April 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Carrickfergus Castle: Charged but not allowed - See 894 traveler reviews, 1,056 candid photos, and great deals for Carrickfergus, UK, at Tripadvisor. Carrickfergus Castle is a fine Norman castle in Carrickfergus in County Antrim, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. The Castle. Segments of the town wall in various states of preservation are also still visible in town. During the 1790s there was considerable support in the Carrickfergus area for the United Irishmen. Diagram from Northern Ireland Environment Agency. [19], In 1912 the people of Carrickfergus turned out in their thousands to watch as the RMS Titanic made its first ever journey up the lough from its construction dock in Belfast. United Bus company, Northern Ireland's oldest bus company that dates back to the late 1800s was started in Carrickfergus and has now grown to be the third largest bus and coach company across the entirety of Ireland. [16] On 14 October 1797 William Orr was hanged in the town following what was widely regarded as a show trial held in Carrickfergus Courthouse[17] (now the Town Hall[18]) and in 1798 United Irish founder Henry Joy McCracken was captured on the outskirts of the town while trying to escape to America. He became the petty king until 1204 after the eastern Ulster was conquered by Courcy in 1177. It was of massive construction and would have been considered the most secure part of the castle. Nevertheless, the decaying castle withstood several days of siege by the forces of William of Orange in 1689, before surrendering on 28 August. Carrickfergus Castle, located in Northern Ireland, was built by John De Courcy in 1177 to serve as his base of operations when he captured Ulster and ruled as king. He used Carrickfergus as the headquarter. Cardigan was developed around a Norman castle built in the late 11th century. The Battle of Carrickfergus (fought between the crown forces of Queen Elizabeth I and the Scots clan of MacDonnell) took place in and around the town in November 1597. The core of the castle was built in 1177 by John de Courcy, after he conquered the east of Ulster and ruled as a petty king until 1204, when he was ousted by another Norman adventurer, Hugh de Lacy. In 1711 Carrickfergus was the scene of the last witchcraft trial in Ireland. Carrickfergus Castle is Norman castle in Carrickfergus, County Antrim in Northern Ireland. Carrickfergus Castle was built by John de Courcy, a Norman lord in the 12th century, as part of his bid to become an independent King of Ulster. The castle has been besieged in turn by the French, Irish, Scots and English. Carrickfergus now is a centre for leisure sailing, and is home to Carrickfergus Marina and Carrickfergus Sailing Club. Until his expulsion in 1204, he conquered extensive territory, endowed religious establishments, and built abbeys and strongholds in County Down and County Antrim. 20.23% were aged under 16 years and 14.73% were aged 65 and over; 51.95% of the usually resident population were female and 48.05% were male; 80.70% were from the Protestant or other Christian community backgrounds and 8.35% were from a Roman Catholic community background; 39 years was the average (median) age of the population; 8.49% had some knowledge of Ulster-Scots and 1.99% had some knowledge of Irish; Kristina Grimes, runner up in the final of the, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 01:34. A contemporary Elizabethan illustration of Carrickfergus shows ten tower-houses, as well as terraces of single-storey houses, some detached cottages and 70 or more Irish beehive-type huts in the town. According to one tale, his ship ran aground on a rock by the shore, which became known as "Carraig Fhearghais" – the rock of Fergus. It’s the largest war memorial in Northern Ireland. de Lacy oversaw the final construction of the castle, which included the gatehouse, drum towers and outer ward. [20] It is rumoured that Italian and German POWs were held in the town, the Italians in a camp at Sullatober mill, and Germans at Sunnylands.[21]. Carrickfergus Castle in County Antrim was built more than 800 years ago and sits on the shore of Belfast Lough. The Knockagh Monument is a war memorial in County Antrim. Carrickfergus Castle was founded in the late twelfth century by John de Courcy, a young Anglo-Norman knight who led a military expedition into Ulster. The forces of Edward de Bruce captured the town in 1315 and the castle in 1316 before his death in battle in 1318. George Petrie: Ancient Music of Ireland, M.H. Carrickfergus Castle is a Norman castle in Northern Ireland, situated in the town of Carrickfergus in County Antrim, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. Initially de Courcy built the inner ward, a small bailey at the end of the promontory with a high polygonal curtain wall and east gate. Enniskillen Castle was first built in 1428 and remodeled in 1609 and 1796. [citation needed]. Carrickfergus Castle was established in 1177 and remained a prominent stronghold in Northern Ireland for over 700 years. Originally built by the Anglo-Norman nobleman John de Courcy, Carrickfergus Castle was modified repeatedly over the centuries as new weapons, tactics and threats brought fresh challenges to those defending the area. It was strategically useful because 3/4 of its perimeter is surrounded by water. The town is part of the Greater Belfast conurbation, being 11 miles (18 km) from Belfast city centre. 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