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Plato's Contributions to Psychology Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher ... Roman copy of a portrait bust by Silanion for the Academia in Athens (c. 370 BC) He greatly contributed to the field of philosophy and provided the basis of psychology through his great ideas and theories. This dialectical method ensures rigorous scrutiny of every premise and conclusion. Plato's penetrating mind revealed the problems with These people were said to be courageous, trustworthy, and daring, such as military leaders. Although Plato is predominantly considered a philosopher, he was also one of ancient Greece’s most acclaimed scientists. The idea of structure is key to Plato’s philosophy and may be directly linked to … Plato takes the four elements – fire, air, water, and earth – and states that these are combined into what he calls the “body of the universe.” Out of all of Plato’s works, the Timaeus deals most directly with what we regard as the essential sciences such as material science, space science, etc. PLATO’S CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT One of the astounding facts in the history of culture is that the first coherent treatise on government and education which we possess in Western civilization, Plato's Republic, is the most profound. One should also adore an individual for their knowledge and, lastly, cherish and welcome their individuality. The Academy was thought to be the principal college in Europe and attracted scholars such as Eudoxus of Cnidus and Theaetetus, both mathematicians, and Aristotle, the philosopher. ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHY/PSYCHOLOGY:Socrates, Plato GREEK THINKERS:Aristotle, Contiguity, Contrast PSYCHOLOGY IN THE 5TH TO 12TH CENTURY:Saint Augustine, Avicenna He suggested that knowledge is intrinsically present in an individual’s spirit and has been concealed by their views and experiences of the real world. Syllogism is a certain form of reasoning where a conclusion is made based on two premises. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. Why your go-to-market strategy should be industry focused It may sound a little strange but for Plato, philosophy was the instrument that could help us find them. Their contribution to the development of political ideas, inventions, and legacies is crucial to our day to day lives. Plato’s Timaeus is famous for documenting the creation of the universe by the demiurge. Although few modern philosophers write in dialogue, the dialectic has influenced subsequent methods of philosophical explication. However, Guido Hulsman writes that its discussion of these normative topics is squarely built upon a positive theory of the origin and nature of society. Specifically, he was persuaded that geometry was the way to understand the universe. Plato was among the first philosophers to consider the idea of a priori knowledge, defined as knowledge that exists independent of experience. It might appear unusual that Plato, a devotee of Socrates and a logical thinker, should employ the art of storytelling and myth to explain his ideas. This technique guaranteed a thorough examination of each idea and is still used in philosophical discourse today. The Republic, a philosophical work produced in 380 BCE and still discussed in modern curriculum, is one of the more commonly known contributions of Plato. In contrast to the Republic, Laws concerned itself less with defining the ideal state, and more with planning a practical, if imperfect, system of government. Greek Philosophy : Plato's Contributions Of Western Philosophy 1955 Words | 8 Pages. Plato divides his world into two aspects: the intelligible world and the perceptual world. In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) but also habituation to healthy emotional responses and therefore harmony between the … It is said that in this lies the first seeds of what we know as Platonic love; a sort of passionate and otherworldly camaraderie without a sexual element. Plato recognized the need for humans to work together in society for mutual benefit and profit. Nearly all of Plato's writings took the form of dialogues between Socrates and various other characters that were part of Plato's social philosophy. The Athenian logician Plato (c. 428–347 BC) is a standout amongst ancient Greek philosophers, and his ideas have formed the basis of much Western ideology. In The Republic, Plato defines clearly the definition of justice and morality. The majority of Plato’s discourses took the form of exchanges between Socrates and various other characters. In the field of theoretical philosophy, Plato’s most influential contribution was undoubtedly his theory of Forms, which he derived from Socrates’ method in the following way: Socrates, in trying to bring out the inconsistencies in his interlocutors’ opinions and actions, often asked what it is that makes people say that a certain thing or action is good or beautiful or pious or brave; and he asked what people are … He believed that everyone had different skills and attributes, and these could be combined to meet the needs of the whole of society. Plato was among the first philosophers to consider the idea of a priori knowledge, defined as knowledge that exists independent of experience. This was considered to be the smallest of the three groups. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. This powerful concept has puzzled and inspired great philosophers like David Hume, Martin Heidegger and Jacques Derrida for generations and inspired these social philosophers and their contributions. Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, […] These characters argue and disagree with one another, and Plato used these exchanges of different viewpoints to set ideas and thoughts against one another, allowing the best ideas to rise to the surface. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. The early dialogues: Examining life. Plato played a vital role in encouraging the Greek intelligentsia to regard science as a theory. Said to be the smallest of the issues that he traveled extensively during period. Heart of all ages, perfect version of every premise and conclusion experiences of the whole of.. Famous achievements is still used in philosophical discourse today answering philosophical questions was created recognized... 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