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There is a new guidebook to Colchester Castle by Tom Hodgson and Philip Wise (Jarrold Publishing and Colchester Castle, 2015). All that now remains consists of the … Colchester considers itself to be the ‘cultural capital of Essex’ and there certainly is a lot of history here. Colchester Castle is the largest Norman Keep in Europe. It was built in at least two main phases and its initial form consisted of a single-storey stone keep with crenellated parapet wall. This is the largest Norman Keep in Europe built on top of the remains of the great temple of Claudius, the conquered England. Colchester Castle is one of the most important historic buildings in Britain. Object: Colchester Castle is a Norman keep built upon the ruins of an ancient Roman temple to Claudius. It was constructed on the foundations of the Temple of Claudius, built when Colchester was the first Roman capital of Britain. It houses an archaeological collection of international significance. This beautifully designed and colour illustrated book of 72 pp follows the history of Colchester through the collections displayed in the Colchester Museum. In 1215 King John attacked the castle, an incident which led to the famous Magna Carta being signed. The Castle at Colchester, a royal fortress, was built about 1080 by William the Conqueror. This Norman keep known as Colchester Castle was built around AD 1078 on the foundations of the Roman Temple of Claudius. Colchester Castle is the largest Norman keep ever built and sits directly on the foundations of the Temple of Claudius, the most important religious building in Roman Britain. The surviving building, 46.3 m. × 33.5 m., is the largest Norman keep in England, larger than the White Tower of London which was built … The Grade 1 listed building, one of the most important historic buildings in the country, also houses a museum with exceptional collections, including Roman and Anglo-Saxon treasures. The castle was located on the strategic route between London and East Anglia and was commissioned by William the Conqueror in 1076, This was just 10 years after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.. Colchester Castle was built over an old Roman temple. CASTLE. Colchester Castle was originally built to protect against Scandinavian attacks from the sea, and to assert power over the surrounding land. Parts of the castle were built with tiles and stone taken from the temple and other nearby Roman ruins. @lordharnam66 / Via instagram.com. Once called the capital of England and the place destroyed by Queen Boudicca in AD 60, Colchester has seen some awesome events and the castle has items from all of them. The castle’s design is unusual for a Norman keep, and its closest relative is London’s White Tower, designed by Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester. The castle itself is built on the foundations of the Temple of the Divine… Colchester is sometimes attributed to Gundulf as well. Colchester Castle experienced little military action during its history. The Castle is one of England’s most important heritage sites and one of the most popular visitor attractions in … www.bbc.co.uk/england/sevenwonders/east/col_castle_mm/index.shtml Colchester Castle in Essex / Source 2. Colchester castle was built for William I, probably by Eudes the sewer c. 1076, using for the foundation of the keep the podium of the Roman temple of Claudius. It was built in the 11th century. The original building comprised outworks, ramparts, a fortified gateway (presumably with drawbridge), and a ditch or moat, with palisades. Of an ancient Roman temple to Claudius Wise ( Jarrold Publishing and Colchester Castle by Tom and! Of an ancient Roman temple of Claudius, built when Colchester was the Roman..., an incident which led to the famous Magna Carta being signed a Norman keep built upon the of. Is a new guidebook to Colchester Castle, 2015 ) and colour illustrated of. 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