by डॉ.  Translated literally, Gotra means âcowshedâ or âcow penâ but the term has several connotations across Vedic literature. In this article I will share Brahmin surnames list in India based on my ongoing research on Brahmins. The emergence of new Gotras is widely attributed to the integration of several tribes and communities from other Varnas into the Brahmin caste during the Late Vedic period.  The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad holds that Vishvamitra, Jamadagni, Bhradwaja, Gautama, Atri, Vasishta and Kashyapa are the first Brahmin saints of the Vedic age and the sole ancestors of the Brahmin community, and while this list is largely accepted within most Brahmin communities, the identities of the saints who form the Saptarishi in fact vary largely across Hindu scriptures. This practice however, is not widespread..  A Gotra represents the lineage of an individual saint and a Brahminâs Gotra denotes which of these saints is their ancestor. In Hindu culture, the Brahmin caste considered to be the highest of the four major social classes of the Varna system. Replies. my mail id is email@example.com. The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus: 1.  While the role of the Gotra in Brahmin society has been defended by traditionalist Hindu scholars, who have claimed that its foundations lay in Vedic, scientific principles, the system has largely been rejected by progressive feminist groups and their followers. (2018, November 27).  Gotras were often also considered when dividing and distributing the property of a male Brahmin upon his death. Retrieved November 09, 2020, from, Tripathi, A. Post-Vedic Hindu texts such as the Krishna Yajurveda and the Mahabharata indicate the existence of 18 Brahmin Gotras while the Vishnu Purana suggests that the number may be as high as 49, despite maintaining that the community originates solely from the Saptarishi. Among those of the Brahmin … Babhravya 9. The Hindu, November 9, 2016. For example, for the Iyengar Brahmins of Karnataka, a tribe adopted into the Brahmin Varna as recently as the 8th century CE, Gotras continued to serve as means of preserving genetic diversity within the clan and providing a basis for the division of property. Retrieved November 09, 2020, from. Jangid Samaj Gotra, Shashan, Gotra in Jangid, Gotrakar Rishi, Gotra in Punjab, Gotra in Suthar, Brahmin Samaj, Brahmin Community, Jangid Samaj Group, Jangid Brahmin … These Punjabi Saraswat Brahmans were the purohits of the Dhaighar Khatris. At weddings, the gotras of the bride and the groom are read aloud to verify that they are not breaking this rule. Dev 20. , In recent years, the Brahminical Gotric system has received criticism from feminist thinkers and organisations, who have dubbed it as a patriarchal construct which forces Brahmin women to give up their property rights. Today, most of the Punjabi Hindus have migrated to other Indian states such as Haryana, Delhi, U.P and Punjab. , Early Brahminical society was heavily influenced by the Gotric system. Mana Sanskriti (Our Culture). A gotra is a lineage, akin to a family name, but the given name of a family is often different from its gotra, and may reflect the traditional occupation, place of residence or other important family characteristic rather than the lineage.. People belonging to a particular gotra may not be of the same caste in the Hindu social … Facts Health. Aushik,Aangiras.  These new Brahmins regularly chose to retain their original Gotras upon changing their Varna. In general, gotra denotes all persons who trace descent in an unbroken male line from a common male ancestor. Who Was Lord Dattatreya & Is There Any Dattatreya Gotra, As Rahul Gandhi Claims He Is A Kashmiri Brahmin From This Lineage? ", https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282367530_BRAHMINS, https://theprint.in/features/what-are-gotras-all-about-how-rahul-gandhi-gets-dattatreya-gotra/155940/, https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/farmers-protest-delhi-demonetisation-gotra-dharmashastras-rigveda-mahabharata-dharma-5480388/, https://edtimes.in/who-was-lord-dattatreya-is-there-any-dattatreya-gotra-as-rahul-gandhi-claims-he-is-a-kashmiri-brahmin-from-this-lineage/, https://www.news18.com/news/india/what-does-the-law-vedas-and-legend-say-about-gotra-news18-explains-1953937.html, https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/gurgaon/change-law-to-ban-all-same-gotra-marriage-khaps/articleshow/68761042.cms, https://www.hindustantimes.com/delhi/same-gotra-marriage-okay/story-SyEhNqJaiKz6Wk8aWQJe5N.html, https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/Petition-against-same-gotra-marriage-dismissed/article16258171.ece. With advancements in genetic sciences changing the understanding of how an individualâs lineage is traced, many Brahmins world over have shifted away from strictly adhering to Rigvedic ideals of the Gotric system. Charora 15. A Brahmin Gotra (Sanskrit ब्राह्मण गोत्र) is an exogamous unit used to denote the paternal lineage of individuals belonging to the Brahmin caste in the Hindu Varna system. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brahmin_gotra&oldid=992470054, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 12:43. North India(Pancha Gauda Brahmins) Kashmir Himachal Pradesh: around 60% of Brahmins have Bharadwaja as their gotra.  Furthermore, Vedic Hindu literature varies greatly on the exact rules that govern a Gotraâs influence on Brahmin marriages. The famous Books of “Panchatantra”also here All the More mentions the list of the Brahmins name as Mitra Sharma, Su…  With the advent of nuclear families and large-scale migration, many Brahmins often do not even keep track of their Gotras while for those who do, there is little scientific evidence to authenticate such a claim.  Lastly, some Brahmin groups from northern India believe that the caste is descended from eight saints in the Vedic age; the Saptarishi as described in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad and Agastya, another revered Brahmin saint from the Vedic age. Sunday, April 17, 2016. Item Code: NZK450. Reply Delete. Jaggi Vasudev- Why are marriages within the same Gotra traditionally opposed? Bharadwaja who is the great grand son of Lord Brahma is the root for his clan, Bharadwaja gotra( eg: Rajpurohit ). Following are the mail origins who are responsible of Gotras.  After marriage, a woman is also required to change her Gotra to that of her husband and any offspring they may have are to adopt the Gotra of their father. Ahabhunasa 7.  With each member of the caste believed to trace their lineage back to one of these saints, a Brahminâs Gotra represents a means to track an individualâs patriline and thus indicate which one of these saints is their ancestor. . And each Gotra is addressed by the suffix 'sa' or 'asa' as relevant. Galvasaya 23. Dhananjaya 21. Another revered Vedic text, the Manusmriti, considers Brahmin Gotras to be exogamous units, developed to promote genetic diversity within the Brahmin caste.  For example, the Bharadwaja Gotra has two Pravaras, Angirasa and Bharhaspatya, which represent the lineages of two revered Vedic sages who were descended from Bharadwaja. Based on my ongoing research on Brahmins in India to identify lineage no mention of any such Gotra anywhere great! 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