Cambridge Science Park, which is the largest commercial R&D centre in Europe, is owned by Trinity College; St John's is the landlord of St John's Innovation Centre. Great St Mary's Church has the status of "University Church". Publication date 1911 Topics English literature -- History and criticism, English literature -- Bibliography Publisher G.P Putnam's Sons Collection toronto Contributor University of Toronto - CRRS Library for Renaissance Studies Language English. Water was brought from Nine Wells, at the foot of the Gog Magog Hills, into the centre of the town.  Independent schools in the city include The Perse School, Stephen Perse Foundation, Sancton Wood School, St Mary's School, Heritage School and The Leys School.  Today it exists primarily as an annual funfair with the vestige of a market attached and is held over several days around or close to midsummers day. Cambridge remained fairly insignificant until about 1502, when a professorship of divinity was founded—the oldest in the university.  Snowfall accumulations are usually small, in part because of Cambridge's low elevation, and low precipitation tendency during transitional snow events. Meanings & definitions of words in English with examples, synonyms, pronunciations and translations.  During the war Cambridge served as an evacuation centre for over 7,000 people from London, as well as for parts of the University of London. Cambridge and its surrounds are sometimes referred to as Silicon Fen, an allusion to Silicon Valley, because of the density of high-tech businesses and technology incubators that have developed on science parks around the city. During the medieval period the River Cam was heavily used for water transport, the local wharfing facilities (which have gradually disappeared) being in heavy demand during the annual period of Stourbridge Fair. The New Cambridge History of English Literature: Early Medieval English Literature von Clare A. Lees; The New Cambridge History of English Literature: Early Modern English Literature von David Loewenstein; The New Cambridge History of English Literature: English … Cambridge would have been surrounded by a ditch and an earth rampart probably with a wooden palisade on top. (2001) 108,863; (2011) 123,867. Corrections? The Cambridge History of Britain is an innovative new textbook series covering the whole of British history from c. 330 to the present day.  Evidence exists that the invading Anglo-Saxons had begun occupying the area by the end of the century. , Following the Public Libraries Act 1850 the city's first public library, located on Jesus Lane, was opened in 1855. Pink Floyd are the most notable band with roots in Cambridge. Located in the driest region of Britain, Cambridge's rainfall averages around 570 mm (22.44 in) per year, around half the national average, The driest recent year was in 2011 with 380.4 mm (14.98 in) of rain at the Botanic Garden and 347.2 mm (13.67 in) at the NIAB site. Retrieved 15 July 2020. The band's former songwriter, guitarist and vocalist Syd Barrett was born and lived in the city, and he and another founding member, Roger Waters, went to school together at Cambridgeshire High School for Boys. Area 16 square miles (41 square km). Few records survive but 16 of 40 scholars at King's Hall died. An Orthodox synagogue and Jewish student centre is located on Thompson's Lane, operated jointly by the Cambridge Traditional Jewish Congregation and the Cambridge University Jewish Society, which is affiliated to the Union of Jewish Students. (Köppen: Cfb). This latter project was controversial at the time. Bands that were formed in Cambridge include Clean Bandit, Henry Cow, The Movies, Katrina and the Waves, The Soft Boys, Ezio The Broken Family Band, Uncle Acid & the Deadbeats, and the pop-classical group King's Singers, who were formed at the University. The Cambridge Free Festival, Midsummer Common, 8-11th June 1969.  After a brief housing in the University of Cambridge library, it moved to its current, purpose-built building on Trumpington Street in 1848. , Cambridge was granted its city charter in 1951 in recognition of its history, administrative importance and economic success. Like Cambridge, both have universities and are also similar in population; Heidelberg, Germany since 1965, and Szeged, Hungary since 1987. There are three Quaker Meetings in Cambridge, located on Jesus Lane, Hartington Grove, and a Meeting called "Oast House" that meets in Pembroke College.. The absolute minimum temperature recorded at the Botanic Garden site was −17.2 °C (1.0 °F), recorded in February 1947, although a minimum of −17.8 °C (0.0 °F) was recorded at the now defunct observatory site in December 1879. The other two venues were independent tracks and known as a flapping tracks, the nickname given to non-NGRC tracks.  A layer of phosphatic nodules (coprolites) under the marl were mined in the 19th century for fertiliser. Hello Select your address Best Sellers Today's Deals New Releases Electronics Books Customer Service Gift Ideas Home Computers Gift Cards Sell , The arrival of the Vikings was recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 875.  The smaller Brookfields Hospital stands on Mill Road. Owing to its low lying, inland, and easterly position within the British Isles, summer temperatures tend to be somewhat higher than areas further west, and often rival or even exceed those recorded in the London area. Evidence of more widespread Roman settlement has been discovered including numerous farmsteads and a village in the Cambridge district of Newnham.  Pye Ltd evolved into several other companies including TETRA radio equipment manufacturer Sepura. Many of the roads in the centre are pedestrianised. At the United Kingdom Census 2011, the population of the Cambridge built-up area (which is larger than the remit of Cambridge City Council) was 158,434 including 29,327 students. Settlements have existed around the Cambridge area since prehistoric times. Because of its rapid growth in the 20th century, Cambridge has a congested road network. It became a major industry in the county, and its profits yielded buildings such as the Corn Exchange, Fulbourn Hospital and St. John's Chapel until the Quarries Act 1894 and competition from America ended production.. Volume II of The Cambridge History of the English Language covers the Middle English Period, describing and analyzing developments in the languge from the Norman Conquest to the introduction of printing. Sunshine averages around 1,500 hours a year or around 35% of possible, a level typical of most locations in inland central England. Typically the temperature will reach 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or higher on over 25 days of the year over the 1981–2010 period, with the annual warmest day averaging 31.5 °C (88.7 °F) over the same period. A southern area of the city, Queen Edith's ward, falls within in the South Cambridgeshire constituency, whose MP is Anthony Browne (Conservative), first elected in 2019.  Like the rest of the newly conquered kingdom, Cambridge fell under the control of the King and his deputies.  Netherhall School, Chesterton Community College, the Parkside Federation (comprising Parkside Community College and Coleridge Community College), North Cambridge Academy and the Christian inter-denominational St Bede's School provide comprehensive secondary education.  Cambridge University estimated its 2007/08 student population at 17,662, and Anglia Ruskin reports 24,000 students across its two campuses (one of which is outside Cambridge, in Chelmsford) for the same period.  The Cambridge Electric Supply Company had provided the city with electricity since the early twentieth century from Cambridge power station. Housed within the city's 19th century former corn exchange building the venue was used for a variety of additional functions throughout the 20th century including tea parties, motor shows, sports matches and a music venue with temporary stage. Volume 3, 1476-1776: This volume begins at the time of the establishment of Caxtons first press in England and concludes with the American Declaration of Independence, the notional birth of the first (non-insular) extraterritorial English. Cambridge was also the home of Pye Ltd, founded in 1898 by W. G. Pye, who worked in the Cavendish Laboratory; it began by supplying the University and later specialised in wireless telegraphy equipment, radios, televisions and also defence equipment. On the first Saturday in June Midsummer Common is the site for Strawberry Fair, a free music and children's fair, with various market stalls. Cambridge is a non-metropolitan district served by Cambridge City Council. The Romsey Town Rollerbillies play roller derby in Cambridge.  According to the 2001 census, 25% of residents travelled to work by bicycle. For one week in May, on Jesus Green, the annual Cambridge Beer Festival has been held since 1974. Typically the coldest night of the year at the Botanic Garden will fall to −8.0 °C (17.6 °F).  The A service continues on to the railway station and Addenbrookes, before terminating at a new Park and Ride in Trumpington.  Microsoft has located its Microsoft Research UK offices in West Cambridge, separate from the main Microsoft UK campus in Reading, and also has an office on Station Road. There are also a number of venues within the colleges. Today the Cam is extensively used for pleasure boating, punting, and canoeing.  With the arrival of the railway and associated employment came development of areas around the station, such as Romsey Town. The charter transfers supervision of baking and brewing, weights and measures, and forestalling and regrating, from the town to the university. The Cambridge history of the English language, 6 vols. 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Gdns) Station 1639", "CAMBRIDGE CITY NATURE CONSERVATION STRATEGY "ENHANCING BIODIVERSITY, "The Origins of the Cambridge Green Belt", "CAMBRIDGE GREEN BELT STUDY A Vision of the Future for Cambridge in its Green Belt Setting", "East Cambridgeshire Local Plan - April 2015", "LDA Design - Cambridge Inner Belt Boundary Study", "Local Area Report – Cambridge Local Authority (E07000008)", "Cambridge tops the league … as Britain's most unequal city", "Cambridge ranked most unequal city in the UK", "Cambridge City – Annual demographic and socio-economic report", "Dramatic increase in tourism's contribution to the Cambridge economy revealed", "Directory of Cambridge Network Members – Cambridge University Spin Out", Cambridge retains 'cycling capital' title in nationwide survey | Cambridge News | Latest News Headlines From Cambridge City & Cambridgeshire | National News By, "First train arrives at Cambridge North station - but it took 30 years to get there", "PICTURES: First step towards opening of Cambridge's second railway station as work starts on guided busway extension", "Cambridge's new railway station 'to open in 2015, "2025 opening for Cambridge South station is 'unacceptable, "Cambridge South station's preferred location selected", "It's a record breaker for GCSE students", "Cambridge...the birthplace of football?! THE CAMBRIDGE HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE volume iii 1476–1776 edited by ROGER LASS Distinguished Professor of Historical and Comparative Linguistics University of Cape Town . Cambridge English Qualifikationen sind umfassende Prüfungen, die das Englischlernen zu einem unterhaltsamen, effektiven und lohnenswerten Erlebnis machen.  The building would become synonymous with Cambridge, and currently is used in the logo for the City Council. The city’s museums offer access to an even wider range of sources, unlocking the study of art, material culture, and the history of science. The Mumford Theatre is part of Anglia Ruskin University, and hosts shows by both student and non-student groups. , From the 1930s to the 1980s, the size of the city was increased by several large council estates. The city contains three Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs), at Cherry Hinton East Pit, Cherry Hinton West Pit, and Travellers Pit, and ten Local Nature Reserves (LNRs): Sheep's Green and Coe Fen, As well as being the home of the Cambridge Rules in football, Parker's Piece was used for first-class cricket matches from 1817 to 1864.  Like most cities, modern-day Cambridge has many suburbs and areas of high-density housing. All undergraduate historians are encouraged to study foreign languages, and specialist support is available in the University Language Centre. The average frequency of air frosts ranges from 42.8 days at the NIAB site, to 48.3 days at the Botanic Garden per year over the 1981–2010 period.  British American Football League club Cambridgeshire Cats play at Coldham's Common. , In the 2001 Census held during University term, 89.44% of Cambridge residents identified themselves as white, compared with a national average of 92.12%. , At the 2011 Census, the population of the Cambridge contiguous built-up area (urban area) was 158,434, while that of the City Council area was 123,867. Modern Cambridge has been described as “perhaps the only true university town in England.” The set encompasses a wide selection of …  Cambridge does not have a cathedral, traditionally a prerequisite for city status, instead falling within the Church of England Diocese of Ely. West of the river is the redbrick University Library (1931–34). Cambridge Royals are members of the British Baseball Federation's Triple-A South Division. The series is aimed at first-year undergraduates and above and volumes in the series will serve both as indispensable works of synthesis and as original interpretations of Britain's past. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.  Archaeological evidence of occupation through the Iron Age is a settlement on Castle Hill from the 1st century BC, perhaps relating to wider cultural changes occurring in southeastern Britain linked to the arrival of the Belgae. I study some of the most iconic events in history whilst also being equipped with the skills to consider their contemporary political influence. , In 1349 Cambridge was affected by the Black Death. Cambridge Histories is the essential reference collection spanning 350 volumes in 10 subject areas. Teaching and learning: You will receive sixteen lectures in total, eight in Michaelmas Term and eight in Lent Term. There are two Methodist churches in the city. 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